All computers and computer-like devices run on OS or Operating systems. These are extremely powerful and usually large programs that form the interface between the User and the device hardware, to control and manage the complete Hardware and Software on the device. Computer-like devices which require OS are, at present, Desktops, Laptops, Tablets, Smart Phones, Phablets, Smart Watches and Routers. OS are generally classified on whether they are Open or Closed Source. This is based on the implementation or development of the Source Code. OSS (Open Source Software) by definition means that the Code is free, and due to its openness, it is amenable to constant improvement, updating and expansion by the general User. CSS (Close Source Software) reverses the policy of openness, and stresses the proprietary nature of the Code. The Code is thus safe-guarded against intrusion, alteration, copying or any other unauthorized interference. The choice, therefore, of open or closed source operating systems, often decides the true nature of the OS rather than any other single operational feature. Security is probably the most important factor to consider. For a local sites like Fayetteville Skipthegames the idea of on open source system may seem less attractive as they have been known to receive ddos attacks. However, as you will see their are pros, cons and trade offs that come with different OS’s.
Open Source Systems
Open Source Operating Systems are available to any User, and is freely distributed. It can be used for personalized or even commercial systems, such as, the world of Advertising and Marketing. While these OSSs are deemed free, some charges like for service, additional specialized software and applications are sometimes charged to convert the OSS into a tool. Otherwise OSSs are given unrestricted usage and Users can independently alter the OSS as they chose. This allows room for continuous development and updating, which are often incorporated into the original OSS.
Closed Source Systems
CSSs use closely guarded codes which are generally kept secret from unauthorized Users, because they are proprietary. Only the original authors of the CSSs are allowed to alter the original software.
OSS Vs CSS
- Cost: OSS is definitely much lower in cost than CSS, but it not free. Extras like Assistance and additional services, Man-power training and annual maintenance can add up to a tidy sum at the end of the day. But CSS, being fully paid is pre-customized, and generally comes complete with full support, and innovation.
- Penetration of SC: CSS does not allow SC penetration by unauthorized Users. This allows greater security and reliability, unlike OSS. But OSS developers can improve existing programs more easily.
- Service and Support: This is obviously better for CSS because it is provided by the source itself. OSS depends on forums, useful articles and hired experts for support.
- Innovation: OSS is at its best here and leaves CSS far behind, by using the vast public as its brainstorming source.
Apple iOS and Mac are already so well known, as a CSS, that it needs no further description. Similarly, Google Android is an OSS that has been adopted by the majority of the smart phones worldwide as have some of the latest TVs. Its parent, Linux, is universally known as the flag bearer of OSS. Thus, in the battle of Open Vs Closed Source Operating Systems, there are no clear winners yet.